InSight on Mars


The Mirror reporter

November 26, 1:51 p.m. the control room is silent; the National Aeronautics and Space Administration’s (NASA) Jet Propulsion Lab (JPL) team is waiting for the new lander, InSight, to land on Mars. 1:52:59 p.m. “Touchdown confirmed” came over the speakers, InSight is now ready for its two-year mission.

InSight’s first task after landing was to unfold the onboard solar panels. Once it has enough energy, the real mission begins.

InSight’s task is to study the interior of Mars. To do this the JPL has onboard equipment designed to read the tectonic movements of the planet. Because InSight is a lander, not a rover, it does not move, making it easier to get useful data from the same location.

Another task of InSight is to record the planet’s “vital signs.” Which are its temperature, heat flow, pulse, seismology, reflexes, and precision tracking.

The results from these tests will help people understand how Mars formed and predict how Earth, Venus, and Mercury formed.

There are a total of 11 landers on Mars, but only four of the landers became active. Some crashed on impact or others had mechanical problems. Just the new InSight lander is operational.

The longest a lander has been operational is 2,245 sols or about six earth years. InSight’s mission is supposed to last for two years.

So far all systems are operational and InSight is ready to start its mission.